South Asia: The Bucket List
South Asia Facts
See India for facts on India.
Main International Airports: New Dehli, India is the hub for international travel not only to India, but also neighboring countries. Also: Karachi (Pakistan), Kathmandu (Nepal), Colombo (Sri Lanka), Male (Maldives), Dhaka (Bangladesh), Yangon (Myanmar). Kabul (Afghanistan).
Currency: Pakistani rupee. Nepali rupee. Bhutan ngultrum. Bangladesh taka. Myanmar kyat. Sri Lanka rupee. Maldives rufiyaa. (Note: the rupees used in the region differ from country to country.) Afghani afghani.
Population: Pakistan: 180,000,000. Nepal 31,000,000. Bhutan: 750,000. Bangladesh: 152,000,000. Myanmar: 48,800,000. Sri Lanka: 21,000,000. Maldives: 324,000. Afghanistan: 35,000,000.
Capitals: Islamabad, Pakistan. Kathmandu Nepal. Thimphu, Bhutan. Dhaka, Bangladesh. Naypyidaw, Myanmar. Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte, Sri Lanka. Malé, Maldives. Kabul, Afghanistan.
Climate: Ranges from tropical in Sri Lanka and Myanmar to alpine in the Himalayas and Karakorum mountains.
Major Languages: Hundreds of languages are spoken in South Asia, but English is a lingua franca for tourists and business throughout the region. It is one of Pakistan’s two official languages (the other is Urdu). Nepali is the official language of Nepal; Bengali is the official language of Bengladesh. Pashto and Dari are the official languages of Afghanistan.
More Facts: Most South Asian countries require visas: Pakistan: Visa required. Nepal: Visa required. Bhutan: Very restricted. Visa required. Sri Lanka: Online visas required. Bangladesh: Visa required, available online. Maldives: Free, issued on arrival. Afghanistan: Visas required.
Medical Information: Malaria prophylaxis is recommended in lowlying tropical areas: See the World Health organization interactive map for recommendations for malaria and other medical issues.
Time Zone: Standard times: Pakistan, Maldives, Afghanistan = UTC + 5. Sri Lanka = UTC + 5 1/2. Nepal = UTC + 5 3/4. Bangladesh, Bhutan = UTC + 6. Myanmar = UTC + 6 1/2. See World Clock for seasonal adjustments.