Central America: The Bucket List
Central America Facts
Main International Airports: Belize City, Belize; San Pedro and Liberia, Costa Rica; San Salvador, El Salvador; Guatemala City, Guatemala; San Pedro, Tegucigalpa, and Roátan, Honduras; Managua, Nicaragua; Panama City, Panama
Currency: Belize: Belizean dollar (U.S. dollars widely accepted). Costa Rica: colón. El Salvador: American dollar. Guatemala: quetzal. Honduras: lempira. Nicaragua: cordóba. Panama: American dollar
Population: Belize: 321,000. Costa Rica: 4,600,000. El Salvador: 14,000,000. Guatemala: 6,000,000. Honduras: 8,100,000. Nicaragua: 5,700,000. Panama 3,500,000.
Capitals: Belmopan, Belize. San Pedro, Costa Rica. San Salvador, El Salvador. Guatemala Cty, Guatemala. Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Managua, Nicaragua.. Panama City, Panama
Climate: Tropical. Rain and cloud forests in the interior along the Continental Divide can be much wetter and colder with elevation gain. Parts of the Pacific Coast, particularly in Costa Rica, are quite dry. The rainy season is usually (give or take) July-August-September.. On the Atlantic coast, this is also hurricane season.
Major Languages: Spanish. English is the official language in Belize. Various versions of Mayan are also spoken, particularly in countryside.
More Facts: Visas are not required for tourists from the US, Canadian, and UK (as well as many other nations).
Medical Information: Most tourists travel to the region with no special precautions, although you should use insect repellents to try to avoid being bitten, as dengue fever and other insect-borne illnesses are sometimes present. Drink only bottled or boiled water. For current health issues in central America, see the Center for Disease Control’s Central America page.
Time Zone: Most of Central America is on Central Time (UTC – 6); Panama is on Eastern time (UTC – 5) except during Eastern Daylight Savings Time. Standard times: See World Clock for seasonal adjustments.
Information updated February, 2013. The information provided here is for planning purposes only: Please check with the Centers for Disease Control and your health care provider for updated medical information and recommendations, and with the embassy of the country to which you are traveling for the most current visa information.