The battered but bright yellow sign is as subtle as a baseball bat to the side of the head.
“STOP!” it says (in all caps.) “The area ahead has the worst weather in America. Many have died there from exposure, even in the summer. Turn back now if the weather is bad.”
The warning is not overblown. At 6,288, the Granite State’s Mt. Washington is a mere footnote on a list of the world’s major peaks. But as the highest point for a thousand miles in any direction, Mt. Washington is a bull’s-eye target for jet-stream-fueled fronts hurtling in from the Midwest, Arctic cold fronts pressing down from Canada, and storms barreling up the East Coast. It can hold its own with weather anywhere in the world.
In Your Bucket Because…
- The place that boasts the worst weather in the world also happens to have some of the East Coast’s most spectacular high mountain views.
- This is one of the only places in the East you can day-hike or even drive to this unique alpine ecosystem.
- Good for strong hikers and adventurers with mountain sense and adequate equipment.
The Worst Weather Weather in the World
- The highest wind speed ever recorded (231 miles per hour) was recorded at Mt. Washington’s summit in 1934.
- The Mt. Washington Weather Observatory, a non-profit research institution, records hurricane force winds more than 100 days per year.
- Blinding fog is observed 300 days a year.
On the summit, there is a list of the more than 100 people who have died on or in the area immediately around New Hampshire’s Mt. Washington. By the time you read ths, chances are the list will have grown even longer.
I still remember my first visit to Mt. Washington: I was nine years old, and it was the first time in my life I’d been on anything resembling a real mountain, the first time I’d been above treeline. I hadn’t even known what treeline meant when I walked out into the thick fog onto the rocky landscape where the only sign of life was the occasional lichen. That, and the even more occasional long-distance backpacker emerging from the mist. They seemed like larger-than-life heroes, superhumans striding over the boulder-strewn landscape. I wanted to follow.
The primacy effect means that what we are exposed to first, when we are young, is what we remember most vividly, so, though I’ve climbed Mt. Washington many times since then, that is the trip I remember best. I remember learning the remarkable facts about treeline, and how something akin to Mt. Washington’s summit ecosystem could be found at Canada’s Hudson Bay. I remember learning you could occasionally see the ocean from the summit, though I never have. I remember learning about the Appalachian Mountain Club huts, where hikers can sleep and get full family-style dinners. I remember taking in the remarkable scenery, the vast openness of one of the only true above-treeline alpine experiences in the Eastern States. Most of all, I remember that list of the mountain’s victims.
Standing outside in that fog, barely able to see an 8-foot tall cairn only 20 feet away, I understood for the first time that mountains can kill.
These days, aong with my backpack, I carry that memory with me every time I go up that mountain and see that sign: It’s not that the nice folks at the ranger station really want to take the place of our moms or our scoutmasters: They just want to keep us alive.
Hiking Safety in New Hampshire’s White Mountains
Always check a weather forecast, but remember that weather on Mt. Washington can change in minutes from mild to murderous. Never climb the mountain without extra layers of clothing, rain gear, a hat, and gloves: Hikers have died of hypothermia on Mt. Washington even in the middle of summer. Inexperienced hikers should travel in a group, and should leave an itinerary with friends and family.
If you are day-hiking around the summit, be sure you have a rain jacket, and good footwear. It can’t be emphasized enough: The weather can change in seconds here, leaving an ill-equipped day-hiker stranded and lost.
Note that you don’t have to climb Mt. Washington to see its 100-mile views: An auto road, a tour bus, and the 140-year old Cog Railway (billed the “world’s first mountain climbing train” when it was introduced in 1869), can all get you to the top much faster, and a great deal more safely.
Mt. Washington may “only” be 6,288 feet high, but when it comes to fierce mountains, size isn’t everything.
- Hiking trails to the summit include several routes, among them the Appalachian Trail, which makes a traverse of the Presidential Range.
- Backpackers on a multi-day trip must stay in the huts that are owned and operated by the Appalachian Mountain Club (food, bunks, and blankets provided). Or, hikers can camp on tent platforms in specially designated camping areas near the huts.
- Reservations should be made in advance, because the rules and capacity limits are rigorously enforced. Space is sometimes available on a first-come first-served basis, but many of the huts and camping platforms fill quickly in the summer months, and latecomers without reservations will be told to hike to another site or descend the mountain.