Horseback Riding to Ancient Pyramids at Hacienda Zuleta in Ecuador

Horseback riding around the hacienda. (©Karin-Marijke Vis)

Horseback riding around the hacienda. (©Karin-Marijke Vis)

“If you turn around you will see the entire row of pyramids,” Alice said. I pulled lightly on the reins and Esthela immediately reacted, at which I quietly breathed a sigh of relief because truth be said, I was not so sure that she would listen to me. It was only the third time in my life that I was sitting on a horse and my confidence still had (and has) to grow. While Esthela continued her grazing I stared in awe at a dozen or so grass-covered mounds in the valley in front of me.

The pyramids were one of the stops on our three-hour ride from Hacienda Zuleta, a 17th century, luxurious farmstead in the Andean Mountains of Ecuador. From the hacienda we had followed a cobbled path lined with eucalyptus trees, looking out over pastures. In the distance farmers were harvesting wheat – harvest time had started the day before.

The horses at the hacienda's patio. (©Hacienda Zuleta)

The horses at the hacienda’s patio. (©Hacienda Zuleta)

We rode into a valley hemmed in by mountain slopes covered in grass, thickets and forest. It felt as if we were leaving the civilized world. Two condors soared above us, gliding and slowly turning on their giant wings, which added to the magic of the place. We stopped at the Condor Rehabilitation Project where seven rescued condors live in enormous aviaries. Since 1996, Hacienda Zuleta has a program, licensed by the government, to rehabilitate injured condors, and to breed with those that can’t be released anymore in an effort to increase the number of this endangered species by releasing their offspring into the wild.

The male condor called Pimampiro. (©photocoen)

The male condor called Pimampiro. (©photocoen)

In Your Bucket Because…

  • You love horseback riding.
  • You want to experience life on a hacienda (estancia, or ranch).
  • Good for anybody who loves the outdoors, including children.

Hacienda Zuleta’s Horses

Hacienda Zuleta was the first in Ecuador to bring purebred horses such as the Quarter Horse and the Thoroughbred to the country. In the early 60s they exchanged the latter for Andalusians. The outcome of this crossbreed is the Zuleteño horse. The hacienda has 51 horses. Some are perfect for beginners, others for medium-level or advanced riders.

Horses on their way from the pastures to the stables. (©Hacienda Zuleta)

Horses on their way from the pastures to the stables. (©Hacienda Zuleta)

I hadn’t been sure what to expect when we arrived at the hacienda. I had read about the horseback riding on Zuleta’s website, and it sounded like a great activity. But would that be possible without any proper experience? Juan, our host, assured me that it wasn’t a problem whatsoever.

So, this morning I was instructed how to put on the leather half-chaps and given a helmet. David, our local guide, helped me into a deep-seated saddle with a pommel, covered with a sheepskin pad, while Alice, our second, English-speaking guide, helped my partner Coen. David had put a bottle of water in one of the saddle-bags, in the other we could keep our camera.

Horseback Riding around the Hacienda

It was quiet at the hacienda as the high season had just finished (June-Aug), and it was just the four of us this morning. The average group size is six to eight guests, Alice told me.

I will admit I took me some time to relax and take in the surroundings. I have always admired horses but they are so towering and majestic that I have also found them somewhat intimidating. When a tractor approached us on the narrow road I got nervous. There was no need for that at all, I soon learned. My horse simply followed David’s to the side of the road, as did Coen’s horse behind me, and Alice closed the group with her horse. I learned to pull on the rein if I wanted to make the horse stop and to pull it gently to the side I wanted the horse to go. Easy as pie!

Relaxed enough to take a photo myself! (©photocoen)

Relaxed enough to take a photo myself! (©photocoen)

From the Condor Project we returned to the hacienda. This time we traversed a field dotted with truncated pyramids. By now I felt safe and confident while being rocked back and forth as Esthela walked up a major pre-Incan earthern mound, some hundred meters long and ten meters high.

The Caranqui Pyramids

From the top of the mound we looked out over the largest and best-preserved archeological site of the ancient Caranqui culture. Some 140 mounds, varying from square, truncated pyramids with long ramps to circular mounds, once belonged to the Caranqui Civilization (approx. AD 700-1500).

Little is known about the civilization as the Incas conquered them around 1500 and by the time the Spaniards came less than a century later, all oral traditions and legends were lost. Archeological finds reveal that the smaller, circular mounds were used as burial grounds, that some pyramids were used to build houses on while others had a ceremonial purpose.

The valley with Caranqui mounds and the Condor Rehabilitation Project. (©photocoen)

The valley with Caranqui mounds and the Condor Rehabilitation Project. (©photocoen)

By the time we returned to the hacienda around lunchtime I had come to enjoy the ride so much that I added something to my Bucket List: to take proper horse riding lessons one day.

Practical Information

  • Hacienda Zuleta lies on a mere two-hour drive from Quito, Ecuador’s capital.
  • The hacienda offers a number of trails for horseback riding, varying from one hour to a full day. They also have three to ten day riding programs on offer. One of the many opportunities for advanced riders is to join the Hacienda’s horsemen in the morning to bring in the herd from their pastures to the stables. Also of interest: a visit to the saddle maker in the Zuleta Community.
  • When you stay at the hacienda, you pay for a package that includes your accommodation, meals, and all activities. Apart from visiting the condors and pyramids, you can chose from other activities such as: hiking, mountain biking, visiting the hacienda’s cheese factory, hand milking a cow, and learning about Zuleta’s traditional embroidery projects.
  • For more information check out Hacienda Zuleta’s website.

Photos by Coen Wubbels and Hacienda Zuleta.


  1. Pete Pedersen says

    My wife, Addie, and I spent a few days at Hacienda Zuleta in April, 2014. It was part of my 70th birthday celebration. I was born in Ecuador and spent my first seven years there. Dad was a milk products engineer from Denmark and was employed by Galo Plaza Lasso. He helped establish the cheese factory at Hacienda Zuleta and got them started with the Holstein dairy cows. It was a thrill for us to meet Fernando, the general manager of Hacienda Zuleta and the grandson of Galo Plaza Lasso. We had visited the hacienda on an earlier trip before it was converted to an eco-tourism venue. They have done a fantastic job with the conversion and we were treated royally during our visit. I also took a horseback ride passed the pyramids and out to the waterfall. Hope to return in the near future.


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