Middle East Mediterranean The Bucket List
Middle East Mediterranean Facts
Main International Airports: Egypt: Cairo and Alexandria. Jordan: Amman. Syria: Damascus. Lebanon: Beirut.
Currency: Egypt: pound. Jordan dinar. Lebanon: pound. Syria: pound.
Population: Egypt:83,000,000. Jordan: 6,000,000. Lebanon: 4,000,000. Syria: 21,000,000.
Capital Cities: Cairo, Egypt. Amman, Jordan. Beirut, Lebanon. Damascus, Syria.
Climate: Mediterranean climate trending to dry; in some places, desert. Mild winters, very hot summers. Snow has fallen in all four countries, although it is most common at the higher elevations.
Major Languages: Arabic is the official language. English is spoken in the tourist trade.
More Facts: Visas are required for U.S. tourists to Jordan, Egypt, and Lebanon; they may be purchased on arrival at the airport and most (not all) overland crossings. Visas for Syria must be purchased from the Syrian embassy or consulate in your country of residence in advance of your trip. Note that the region is currently politically unstable, and rules may change. Tourists with stamps from Israel can cross into Egypt and Jordan, but cannot cross into Lebanon or Syria.
Time Zone: The Mediterranean countries are UTC + 2. See World Clock for seasonal adjustments.
Information updated February, 2013. The information provided here is for planning purposes only: Please check with the Centers for Disease Control and your health care provider for updated medical information and recommendations, and with the embassy of the country to which you are traveling for the most current visa information.