I pick up the thermos and fill up the gourd with mate, a popular herbal tea in Uruguay. It’s a drink you share with others, so I hand the gourd to my partner Coen, who takes one last photograph before he sits down next to me.
We’re sitting on a low wall along the Río de Plata, the river that divides Uruguay and Argentina. The sun slowly sinks into the river and sets the sky aflame. Everything is perfect: my company, my drink, the sunset and Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay’s most scenic village.
Visiting this village feels like a time warp: traveling back in time into the distant past. The town’s turbulent history, during which it was alternately subject to the Spanish and Portuguese crown, left a rich legacy in historic landmarks. As a result, the Barrío Histórico (Historic Quarter) was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995.
In Your Bucket Because…
- You’re checking off World Heritage Sites on your list, and Colonia del Sacramento is one of them.
- You are in Buenos Aires, on the other side of the river, and want to swap the busy city for a tranquil, characteristic environment for a day; a ferry crossing will bring you here.
- Good for any visitor to Uruguay or Buenos Aires, especially those interested in historic landmarks.
History of Colonia del Sacramento
In 1680 the Portuguese Admiral Manuel Lobo established Colonia del Sacramento by order of the Lisbon Court. It was a strategic point from where the Portuguese smuggled contraband into Buenos Aires, which belonged to Spain.
The geographical and political location of the town led to a hundred and fifty year long dispute between the Spanish and the Portuguese crowns and both powers ruled the town. This is, for example, still visible in the way the streets were constructed: the cobbled streets with a drain running in the middle were built by the Portuguese, the ones with drains along the sides, by the Spaniards.
The turbulent history and the preservation of ancient architecture have put Colonia del Sacramento high on the list of popular tourist towns. Besides having a rich history, the town is simply charming – a pleasant collection of alleyways, plazas with sunlight filtering through the plane trees, adobe houses with time-worn doors, outdoor cafés to enjoy a cup of coffee, and a feeling of complete tranquility.
Taking in Historic Landmarks
The Barrío Histórico is small and you can take in the sights in just an afternoon. During our stroll we came across La Puerta de Campo, the City Gate and a wooden drawbridge dating from 1745, which marks the entrance to the historic district. We took in the ruins of the 17th century Convento de San Francisco, and checked out El Faro, the lighthouse dating from 1857 and constructed with the stones of the Convento de San Francisco.
Considering the size of the town, Colonia del Sacramento boasts a large number of museums. Among the ones we visited we enjoyed one that exhibited Portuguese furnishing, uniforms and, our favorite, maritime maps (El Museo Portugués), and El Museo de los Azulejos which featured colonial tiles. Colonia del Sacramento is home to Uruguay’s oldest church (1699) but all sights are surpassed by a narrow cobbled alley called Calle de los Suspiros (Street of Sighs) which oozes secrets and legends.
According to this website, the legends may be related to people condemned to death who, sighing all the way, were led down this street to be drowned in the river. Or: the street had many brothels and sailors walking past the prostitutes sighed for them. Or – the most tragic story – a young maiden waiting for her love was stabbed by a masked man and the last sound she uttered was a sigh.
As I fill up my gourd once more and take a sip, I reflect on the day and conclude we’ve done our share of sightseeing for the moment. We’ll stay another day, because on another stroll we’re bound to find more nooks and crannies that are inevitably part of historic places like this. Now it’s time for dinner.
- Colonia del Sacramento lies about 150 kilometers west of Uruguay’s capital of Montevideo. The airport of Carrasco has international flights to and from, among others, the United States, Spain and surrounding countries such as Argentina, Paraguay and Chile.
- Buses ply between Montevideo and Colonia del Sacramento on a daily basis. Another option is to rent a car; you will find car rental agencies downtown and at the airport.
- The most popular and easy way to get to Colonia del Sacramento from Buenos Aires is by Buquebus, a ferry that plies between the two towns several times a day. Remember to bring your passport because you’re entering a different country. Customs formalities take place at the ferry port in Buenos Aires. The Buquebus offers a buque rapido, which takes fifty minutes one-way, as well as a slow crossing (about three hours one way).